Vascular Disease: Screening, Prevention and Treatment

Vascular diseases—including aneurysms, vein and artery disorders—are conditions that affect the system’s ability to function, and can cause serious or even fatal trauma.

The vascular system is your body’s system of blood vessels, including veins, arteries and capillaries. Their job is to carry blood—with its vital nutrients and oxygen—from the heart to the rest of your body, and back again. Over time, blood vessels may develop defects that hinder their performance and, if left undiagnosed and untreated, can lead to deadly consequences.

According to recent data, with the increase in obesity and Type II diabetes in Americans and as the population ages, it is estimated that by 2024 vascular disease will take the lives of over 2 million Americans each year.

Diagnosable Vascular Disease Components

  • Aortic aneurysm: A bulge or “ballooning” in the wall of the aortic artery, which runs through the chest and abdomen
  • Renal artery stenosis: A narrowing or blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys, causing them to retain more salt and water, which raises blood pressure to potentially dangerous levels
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD): A narrowing of the blood vessels outside of your heart due to the buildup of plaque (fat and cholestorol) on the walls of the arteries. If it becomes severe, it could cause tissue death in the legs, and even lead to amputation of the foot or leg.
  • Venous Insufficiency: A condition in which the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart, because the valves inside the veins stop working properly.
  • Varicose Veins: Swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the skin, usually in the legs, but can also form in other parts of the body.

Recommended Screenings

Vascular diseases can be detected and treated at Greenwich Cardiology through ultrasound testing:

  • Aortic ultrasound is used to detect Aortic Aneurysm
  • Renal artery ultrasound is used to detect Renal Artery Stenosis
  • Peripheral arterial ultrasound for Arterial Disease
  • Venous ultrasound for Venous Insufficiency and Varicose Veins

Vascular Disease Risk Factors to Consider

When evaluating your risk of vascular disease, the following elements must be factored in:

  • Age
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol / Carotid Artery Disease
  • Family history
  • Pregnancy
  • Illness or injury
  • Physical exercise habits
  • Long periods of sitting or standing still

Greenwich Cardiology is IAC Vascular Testing Certified

Greenwich Cardiology is IAC Accredited in Vascular TestingWe are accredited by the Intersocietal Accreditation Commission to perform ultrasound vascular testing. The IAC programs for accreditation are dedicated to ensuring quality patient care and promoting health care.

Let’s test your risk factors and develop a sustainable plan to improve your heart health, and minimize your risk of vascular disease: